Capacitor Kya hota hai aur iski value kaisey padain

Capacitor Kya hota hai aur iski value kaisey padain


Capacitor ek Choti Battery ki tarha hot hai, jo micro seconds and mili seconds me charge or discharge ho jata hai. Jb 2 ya 2 se adhik conducting plates ko insulated material se ek nishchit distance per alag alag rakha jata hai usko capacitor kahtey hain. Capacitor ko D.C current ko store karney ke liye kaam me laya jata hai. Capacitor A.C currant ko store nahee karta, ye A.C ko janey deta hai.

capacitor ander sey kaisey dikhayee deta haiCapacitor ander sey kaisa dikhayee deta hai.

Shape of Capacitor :- Jaisa ki aap nichey image me dekh saktey hai Yahee capacitor hota hai. Iski lambi aur ek choti 2 wire niklee hoti hain. Lambi ( + ) ki and Choti ( -) ki hoti hai. Yadi dono terminal barabar hain to aap ko negative side ka nishan mi jayega. jaisa aap ko nichey image me choti taang ki taraf dik raha hai.
capacitor ka aakar

Capacitor ka Aakar

Capacitor Kya hota hai aur iski value kaisey padain

Symbol of Capacitor :-  Nichey image me Capacitor ka symbol dikhaya gaya hai.

capacitor ka symbol

Unit of Capacitor :- Capacitor ki value ko hum Farad me naaptey hai. Farad (symbol: F) is the SI derived unit of electrical capacitance.

Farad capacitor ki big unit hai. Small capacitors ko hum Micro ( µF )Nano ( nF ) and Pico ( pF ) Farads me naaptey hain.

 1 µF =106F

1 nF = 10-9F

1 pF = 1012 F




Testing of Capacitor :- Jb hum Multi meter sey Capacitor ko test kartey hain to humko Multi meter ke Niddle ( सुई ) ekdam se aagay jayegi aur baapas phir apney sthan per aa jayegi. Is testing me multimeter Kick effect dikhta hai.

Types of Capacitors :- Capacitors 2 prakar ke hotey hain. Polar and Non-Polar. Nichey di gayee images me humney

polar and Non-Polar capacitors ki value kaisy read padain पढ़ें  kartey hain image me btay gay hai.

Polar:- capacitor ki kshamta

  • Polar capacitor me ( + ) and ( – ) pole hotey hai.
  • Aget hum isko galat ya ulta jod dain to ye phut jayega.
  • Ye capacitor Non polar ki apekcha Mahenga ( Costly ) hota hai.
  • Ye capacitors 1 µF sey adhik ki capacity ke hotey hai.

 

Non-Polar:-non-polar capacitor ko kaisey padein

  • Non-Polar capacitor ko kidher say bhee laga saktey hain.
  • Isme ( + ) and ( – ) pole nahee hotey hai.
  • Aget hum isko galat ya ulta jod dain to ye phutega nahee.
  • Ye capacitor polar ki apekcha sasta hota hai.
  • Ye capacitors 1 µF sey nichey ki capacity ke hotey hai.




 

Read This Also: Diode kya hota hai Diode ka kaam kya hai

Read This Also: Transformer Kya hota hai Transformer ka kaam kya hai.

Read This Also: Resistor kya hota hai Resistor kee pattiyon ke color ko kaise padhen

Dosto main ummeed kata hoon ke aapko hamari post Capacitor Kya hota hai aur iski value kaisey padain pasand aayee hogi. Yadi aap uper di gaye jaankari me apni raaye dena chahatey hain, to humko nichey diye gaye comment box me, apni raaye likh kar bhej saktey hain.

यदि आप के कुछ सवाल हैं  जो आप पूछना चाहे तो हमें कमेंट बॉक्स मैं लिखकर भेज सकते हैं ऐसी ही दूसरी जानकारियों के लिए, आप हमें सब्सक्राइब भी कर सकते हैं |

धन्यवाद…….. आपका दिन शुभ हो………

Multi meter se capacitor ko kaisay check kare

Physical testing of capacitor

44 thoughts on “Capacitor Kya hota hai aur iski value kaisey padain

  • 13/08/2016 at 8:11 PM
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    Mere pass ek capacitor h jispe likha h (Hy3c…392j) iski value kaise pata Karun.

    Reply
  • 06/09/2016 at 11:56 PM
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    prthvi ke electrical vibhav ko zero kyo mana jata h?

    Reply
  • 09/09/2016 at 9:46 PM
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    Ac current ko dc me kase kiya jata hai aur dc ko ac me

    Reply
    • 10/09/2016 at 10:26 AM
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      AC to DC convert karnay ke liye Diode ka use hota hai.
      DC to AC convert ke liye Inverter ka homes me use horaha hai. Inverters me DC to AC convertion ke liye Transistors MOSFET aur transformer ka use kartey hai.

      Reply
  • 10/09/2016 at 2:05 AM
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    AC to DC convert karnay ke liye Diode ka use hota hai.
    DC to AC convert ke liye Inverter ka homes me use horaha hai. Inverters me DC to AC convertion ke liye Transistors MOSFET aur transformer ka use kartey hai.

    Reply
  • 07/10/2016 at 9:27 PM
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    Raw material kya he Hindi me batay sir

    Reply
    • 08/10/2016 at 5:06 PM
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      Salman ji Kaccha maal ko Raw material bola jata hai. Jaisey ki kapda (cloth) bananey ke liye dhaga (thread) raw materiel hai.
      Kull milakar jab koi bhee item humko banana hai, to usko bananey me jo saaman lagta hai jusko raw material kahetye hain.

      Reply
  • 24/12/2016 at 10:47 PM
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    Give me your WhatsApp number

    Reply
    • 25/12/2016 at 1:28 AM
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      Dheeraj kumar ji aap apna question yahan comments section me likh kar send kar saktey hain. aap ko Answer with example diya jayega.

      Reply
  • 06/01/2017 at 12:24 PM
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    namskar sir ji nonpolar capacitor ko ham DC suplyme coil ke jagahme lagayege toh DC suplyme jaiseki 5v he toh wage kitna volt supply karega?aur agar isko DC voltme iska ek sira(-) dusra ( )me sold kiya jaye toh volt me kamai aayegi ya voltage badhegi?

    Reply
  • 06/01/2017 at 2:51 PM
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    sir ji non polorise capacitor ko digital multymeter se kese chek karte he.?

    Reply
  • 14/01/2017 at 1:04 PM
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    kam voltage ko zyada kaise kare

    Reply
    • 15/01/2017 at 3:06 AM
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      Fahad ji, kam voltage ko zyada karnwy ke liye transformer ka use kiya jata hai. stepup transformer low AC input laker high AC output generate karta hai.yedi aapko DC output chahiyr to aap transformer ke output me diode lagaker DC output le saktey hain.

      Reply
  • 18/01/2017 at 7:59 PM
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    Sir inverter kon kon sent company ke hote hi please btana

    Reply
    • 18/01/2017 at 8:51 PM
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      pramod ji yahan nichey kutch invertors ki companies hain jo india me inverters banati hain.
      Luminous
      Sukam
      Microtek
      Hitachi
      Genus Power
      V-Guard
      Delta Power
      Tritronics
      Amara Raja
      True Power
      Epoch

      Reply
  • 26/01/2017 at 8:17 PM
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    Sir transformer kitne prakar ki hota hai

    Reply
    • 30/01/2017 at 1:48 AM
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      Electrical power system me alag alag kaam ke liye kayee prakar ke transformers use kiye jatey hain, jaisay ki generation ke liye, distribution ke liye aur transmission ke liye and electric power ke utilization keliye.
      Bibhin prakar ke transformers dekhayen ye hain -> Step up and Step down Transformer, Power Transformer, Distribution Transformer, Instrument transformer comprising current and Potential Transformer, Single phase and Three phase transformer, Auto transformer, etc.

      Reply
  • 08/03/2017 at 1:41 PM
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    Sir, Kisi bhi suply m lgi ic ko multi meter se kese check kre ki khrab h ya sahi h. (Jese ki DTH ki suply) please email ke madhyam se btae.

    Reply
    • 10/03/2017 at 1:51 PM
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      Dalveer ji IC ko check karney ke liye aap ko IC ki supply aur output ki voltage ki jankari hona chahiye, ye jankari aap ko ic ki company ki user manual se milsakti hai.

      Reply
  • 21/03/2017 at 12:13 PM
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    Sir Ji ground earthing and Jo supply ke sath natural aata h dono me kya difference hora h

    Reply
  • 24/03/2017 at 6:44 PM
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    Sir Ji ground earthing and Jo supply ke sath natural aata h dono me kya difference hora h

    Reply
    • 08/04/2017 at 2:05 PM
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      Vinod yadav ji aap nichey diye gaye link ko check karein.

      Reply
  • 28/03/2017 at 8:50 AM
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    multi miter Mr keys dekha jata hai our kaha pe kaise multimiter me shat

    Reply
    • 04/04/2017 at 1:42 AM
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      Rohit kumar ray ji humney apnay youtube channel per multi meter se related video upload kar di hai, aap wahan per jakar video check kar saktey hain. Bahut jaldi hum aapko multi meter se components checking ki videos bhee upload kar raney walye hain, aap hamara youtube chanel subscribe karlain.
      https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=S7BFJvPoTnc

      Reply
  • 08/04/2017 at 3:10 PM
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    capacitor ka circuit me kya kam hota he ye circuit me kyo lagaya jata he ?

    Reply
    • 09/04/2017 at 11:17 AM
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      Navin ji capacitor ka kaam electricity ko apnay ander store karna hota hai, kyoki jb koi device start kartey hain to sabhee components electricity apni taraf kheechtey hain, capacitor electricity ko apnay ander store karleta hai aur device me jis circuit ko ekdam se adhik power ki zaroorat hoti hai ye capacitor usko wo power provide kardeta hai.aur firse apnay aap ko recharge kar leta hai.

      Reply
  • 12/04/2017 at 2:15 PM
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    sir agar motor star main chlte hai toh fer delta main keyu use krty hai

    Reply
  • 25/04/2017 at 12:30 PM
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    yadi hum capacity se jyada ka capacitor lga denge to uska kya effect padega.
    jese yadi ceiling fan me 2.5 micro ferred k capacitor ka use karte hai usk jagah yadi hum 4-5 micoferred ka use krenge to kya hoga.

    Reply
    • 09/05/2017 at 2:25 PM
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      yadi hum adhik power ka capacitor use kartey hain to device kharab ho jsakti hai. Yadi haumko same capacity and voltage ka capacitor nahee mil raha hai to hum 10% adhik capacity and volts ka use kar saktey hain. yaniki yadi aap fan me adhik capacity or voltage ka capacitor use kartey hain to coil ya circuit jal sakti hai.

      Reply
  • 13/05/2017 at 5:13 PM
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    Panel k saat jo hum capacitor bank legta uska bera m betya ager koi pucha capacitor bank kya hota h hum kya reply kera

    Reply
  • 18/05/2017 at 8:26 AM
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    Sir mujhe mobile me use hone wale capacitor aur unko test karne ka tarika aur kitne prakar ke capacitor mobile phone me use hote hai

    Reply
  • 19/05/2017 at 4:33 PM
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    Ziner meter se kaise check
    karege k kharab hai ya sahi aur
    capasitor ko bhi sahi ya kharab
    hone ke liye check karna h kya
    process h

    Reply
  • 21/05/2017 at 9:56 AM
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    Sir
    Ceiling fan me kitne mfd ka capacitor lagana chahiye

    Reply
    • 21/05/2017 at 2:48 PM
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      Sanju ji aap kay seiling fan me jo capacitor hai utni hi power ka capacitor laga saktey hain. Aap 2.5, 3.5, 4 mico farad ka capacitor try kar saktey hain.

      Reply
    • 05/06/2017 at 3:04 AM
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      सन् 1825-26 में जर्मन भौतिकविद् एवं तकनीकी विश्वविद्यालय के प्रोफेसर जॉर्ज साइमन ओम ने यह नियम प्रतिपादित किया था।

      ओम का नियम (Ohm’s Law) के अनुसार यदि ताप आदि भौतिक अवस्थायें नियत रखीं जाँय तो किसी प्रतिरोधक (या, अन्य ओह्मीय डिवाइस) के सिरों के बीच उत्पन्न विभवान्तर उससे प्रवाहित धारा के समानुपाती होता है।

      अर्थात्

      V ∝ I

      या,

      V = R I

      या,

      R = V / I = c o n s t .

      जहाँ वास्तव में ‘ओम का नियम’ कोई नियम नहीं है बल्कि यह ऐसी वस्तुओं के ‘प्रतिरोध’ को परिभाषित करता है जिनको अब ‘ओमीय प्रतिरोध’ कहते हैं। दूसरे शब्दों में यह उन वस्तुओं के उस गुण को रेखांकित करता है जिनका V-I वैशिष्ट्य एक सरल रेखा होती है। ज्ञातव्य है कि वैद्युत अभियांत्रिकी एवं इलेक्ट्रानिक्स में प्रयुक्त बहुत सी युक्तियाँ ओम के नियम का पालन नहीं करती हैं। ऐसी युक्तियों को अनओमीय युक्तियाँ कहते हैं। उदाहरण के लिये, डायोड एक अनओमीय युक्ति है।

      Reply
  • 06/08/2017 at 4:26 PM
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    sir yeh micro farad bare me vistar se janna hai

    Reply
    • 07/08/2017 at 1:07 AM
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      Suraj ji micro means 10 ki power( -6 ) ya (0.000001) , and farad isko napnay ki unit hai. Isko Michael Faraday ek scientist thay unkay naam par rakah gaya hai.

      Reply
  • 20/09/2017 at 1:49 PM
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    Hum kaise malum karenge kha par kitni Micro fareed capacitor ki jarurat hai

    Reply
  • 22/09/2017 at 7:58 PM
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    On mil me 1phase out and newtral me carent on and all moter on and one and tow moter off plese hindi me translet

    Reply
  • 22/09/2017 at 8:12 PM
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    Sir yadi ek resistor se low current flow hoti h aur ek semiconductor se bhi low current flow hoti h to kya resistor ek semiconductor h
    Please give me reply sir

    Reply

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