Lok Sabha lower house of Indian Parliament

Lok Sabha ke Members ka chunaab vayask (adult Universal suffrage ) matadhekar ke dwara hota hai. Lok Sabha ke Members 5 saal ke liye chuney jatey hain. Janta Dwara Chuney huey Lok Sabha ke pratinidhi ko Members Of Parliaments ( MP ) Kaha jata hai. Bharat ke President( Rastrpati ) council of ministers ke salha sey Lok Sabha ko Bhung (Dissolve) karsaktey hain. Lok Sabha ke members yani MP Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi me meating kartey hain. Lok Sabha (House of the People) lower house of Indian Parliament hai.




Bharat ke samvidhan ke anusar lok Sabha ke maximum sadasyo (MP) ke sankhya 552 ho sakti hai. 530 lok sabha members rajyo se , 20 members kender sashit pradesh and maximum 2 members anglo Indian nominated by President of India. Vartmaan me lok sabha ke mojuda sadasyo ki sankhya, 2 anglo indian seats ko jodkar total 545 hai.

 Lok Sabha Member (MP) Banney ke liye yogyata ( योग्यता )

  1. Bharat ka Nagrik hona Chahiye.
  2. Minimum Age 25 years hona chahiye.
  3. Pagal ya diwalia na ho.
  4. Kisi labh ke pad per na ho.
  5. Court dwara apradhi ghoshit na kiya gaya ho.
  6. Parliament dwara banayegaye sabhee yogyata honi chaheye.

Lok Sabha ki Shakties (Powers)

Control over the Executive

Lok Sabha me sabsey bari party jiskey pass sarkar bananey ke liye pariyap MP hotey hain, Ye MP jo leader chuntey hain, wahee Desh ka Prime Minister (Pradhan Mantri) hota hai. Prime Minister apney viswash patra members ko leker Cabinet banata hai, and cabinet hi Lok Sabha ke sab karyo or niyamo ke liye utterdayee hoti hai. Lok Sabha ke members Cabinet ke karya ke aalochna kursaktey hain. Ager Cabinet ke virudh Avishwas prastau (Motions of no confidence ) government ke virudh Lok Sabha me laya jata hai, Ager Cabinet apna Bahumat saabit karney me safal nahee hoti hai to Cabinet ko bhung kar diya jata hai.

Avishwas prastau (Motions of no confidence ) government ke virudh Lok Sabha me hi laya ja sukta hai.

Financial Powers

Vitya Vidheyak (Money bills) Lok Sabha me hi parit kiya jata hai, and jub pass ho jata hai tb Rajya Sabha ko bheja jata hai. Rajya Sabha bill ko 14 din tak apney pass rakhsukti hai. Ager koi action nahee liya gaya hai to bill ko pass sumjha jata hai and President ke pass bhej diya jata hai.

Judicial Powers

Bharat ke rastrpati (President) ko mahabhiyog (Impeachment) dwara, karykaal pura karney sey pheley hatay ja sukta hai, Mahabhiyog ko chalaney ke liye lok sabha ya Rajya Sabha me prastab laya ja sakta hai

Samvidhan me Badlao (Amendment in the Constitution)

Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha me Sambidhan me Badlao ke liye prastab laya jasakta hai.

Electoral Function

Lok Sabha ke Members Bharat ke President and Vice-President ke chunab me apney vote ka istemal kartey hain.   Lok Sabha ke members hi Lok Sabha ke Speaker and Deputy Speaker ko chuntey hain.



Lok Sabha me Pradesh (Rajay) ke anusar Seats ka batwara.

Subdivision Type No. of Constituencies
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Kendra shashit                          1
Andhra Pradesh Pradesh                        25
Arunachal Pradesh Pradesh                           2
Assam Pradesh                        14
Bihar Pradesh                        40
Chandigarh Kendra shashit                          1
Chhattisgarh Pradesh                        11
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Kendra shashit                          1
Daman and Diu Kendra shashit                          1
National Capital Territory of Delhi Kendra shashit                         7
Goa Pradesh                          2
Gujarat Pradesh                         26
Haryana Pradesh                          10
Himachal Pradesh Pradesh                            4
Jammu and Kashmir Pradesh                             6
Jharkhand Pradesh                            14
Karnataka Pradesh                             28
Kerala Pradesh                             20
Lakshadweep Kendra shashit                               1
Madhya Pradesh Pradesh                            29
Maharashtra Pradesh                            48
Manipur Pradesh                              2
Meghalaya Pradesh                              2
Mizoram Pradesh                              1
Nagaland Pradesh                              1
Odisha Pradesh                            21
Puducherry Kendra shashit                              1
Punjab Pradesh                            13
Rajasthan Pradesh                             25
Sikkim Pradesh                               1
Tamil Nadu Pradesh                             39
Telangana Pradesh                             17
Tripura Pradesh                               2
Uttarakhand Pradesh                               5
Uttar Pradesh Pradesh                             80
West Bengal Pradesh                             42

Vartamaan 16th Lok Sabha me jeet kar aaye Rajnetic Parties




Alliance Party Seats
National Democratic Alliance

(NDA) BJP and sahiyogi dal
Seats: 336

Bharatiya Janata Party 280
Shiv Sena 18
Telugu Desam Party 16
Lok Jan Shakti Party 6
Shiromani Akali Dal 4
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 3
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party 3
Apna Dal 2
All India N.R. Congress 1
Nagaland Peoples Front 1
Pattali Makkal Katchi 1
Swabhimani Paksha 1
United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

Congress and Sahiyogi dal
Seats: 49

Indian National Congress 45
Indian Union Muslim League 2
Kerala Congress (Mani) 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1
Janata Parivar
Seats: 9
Rashtriya Janata Dal 3
Janata Dal (United) 2
Indian National Lok Dal 2
Janata Dal (Secular) 2
Other Parties
Seats: 134
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 37
All India Trinamool Congress 34
Biju Janata Dal 20
Telangana Rashtra Samithi 11
Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party 9
Nationalist Congress Party 6
Samajwadi Party 5
Aam Aadmi Party 4
All India United Democratic Front 3
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 2
All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen 1
Sikkim Democratic Front 1
Expelled RJD Member 1
Communist Parties
Seats: 10
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 9
Communist Party of India 1
Independents

Seats: 3

  3
Nominated Anglo-Indians 2
Speaker of the House Bharatiya Janata Party 1
Vacant Seats Tura 1
Total
545

Lok Sabha Indian Parliament ka Nichla Sadan hota hai. Lok Sabha ka Sadan, Rajya Sabha ke sadan sey adhik mahatw ( importance) rakhta hai. Lok sabha hi desh ko Chalati hai. Koi bill Lok Sabha ki anumati ke bina pass nahee ho sakta hai. Lok Sabha Parliament ka important and powerful Sadan hai, Lok Sabha ke pass hi Sab Powers hoti hain.

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